United States v. Elbaz ( 4th Cir. June 2022)

The Federal Docket

July 14, 2022

In an appeal from a fraud conviction and 22-year sentence, Lee Elbaz argued that the wire fraud statute did not apply to her extraterritorial conduct, which involved running a multimillion-dollar fraudulent “investment” scheme from Israel.

The Third Circuit held that, while the wire fraud statute does not apply extraterritorially, “the focus of the statute is on misuse of American wires,” and Elbaz’s conduct certainly involved using American wires to further her fraudulent scheme. However, the Court concluded that the district court had erred in imposing a broad restitution order that “went beyond victims of domestic wire fraud.”

Appeal from the District of Maryland
Opinion by Richardson, joined by Rushing and Traxler

Click here to read the opinion.

Tom Church - Tom is a trial and appellate lawyer focusing on criminal defense and civil trials. Tom is the author of "The Federal Docket" and is a contributor to Mercer Law Review's Annual Survey in the areas of federal sentencing guidelines and criminal law. Tom graduated with honors from the University of Georgia Law School where he served as a research assistant to the faculty in the areas of constitutional law and civil rights litigation. Read Tom's reviews on AVVO. Follow Tom on Linkedin.

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