Fourth Circuit

United States v. Lemont Webb (4th Cir. July 2020)

The Fourth Circuit affirmed the defendant's convictions on several grounds but vacated his life sentence for drug and money laundering offenses, holding that the sentencing court failed to consider several non-frivolous arguments the defendant raised, including arguments regarding lower recidivism for older offenders, sentence disparities with co-defendants, and the defendant's legitimate work history.

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United States v. Billy Curry Jr. (4th Cir. July 2020), EN BANC

Sitting en banc, the Fourth Circuit held that the exigent circumstances and emergency aid exceptions to the Fourth Amendment's warrant requirement did not justify the officers' suspicion-less stop and frisk of the defendant who was an area where officers had heard gun shots being fired less than a minute before. There were other individuals and there was no particularized evidence that the defendant had been involved in the shooting or posed a danger to others.

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United States v. Zavian Munize Jordan (4th Cir. 2020)

The Court affirmed the defendant's convictions and sentence under 18 U.S.C. ยง 924(c). While the First Step Act was enacted while the defendant's appeal was pending, the Court held that its provisions on mandatory minimums did apply retroactively to cases pending on direct appeal.

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United States v. Ronald Samuel Jackson (4th Cir. March 2020)

The Court affirmed the defendant's reduced sentence under the First Step Act where the sentencing court sentenced the defendant to time served, and not less time than he had already served, in order to prevent the defendant from "banking" the excess time and applying it in a potential future revocation of his supervise release.

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United States v. Martin Johnson (4th Cir. December 2019)

The Court held that a district court does not plainly err by failing to give a limiting instruction when admitting 404(b) evidence in the absence of a defendant's request for such an instruction. Additionally, the Court held that robbery possession of a controlled substance with intent to distribute under Maryland law are predicate "violent felonies" under the ACCA.

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