Fourth Circuit

United States v. Zavian Munize Jordan (4th Cir. 2020)

The Court affirmed the defendant's convictions and sentence under 18 U.S.C. § 924(c). While the First Step Act was enacted while the defendant's appeal was pending, the Court held that its provisions on mandatory minimums did apply retroactively to cases pending on direct appeal.

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United States v. Ronald Samuel Jackson (4th Cir. March 2020)

The Court affirmed the defendant's reduced sentence under the First Step Act where the sentencing court sentenced the defendant to time served, and not less time than he had already served, in order to prevent the defendant from "banking" the excess time and applying it in a potential future revocation of his supervise release.

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United States v. Martin Johnson (4th Cir. December 2019)

The Court held that a district court does not plainly err by failing to give a limiting instruction when admitting 404(b) evidence in the absence of a defendant's request for such an instruction. Additionally, the Court held that robbery possession of a controlled substance with intent to distribute under Maryland law are predicate "violent felonies" under the ACCA.

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United States v. Sergio Murillo (4th Cir. June 2019)

The Court vacated the defendant's sentence and conviction after finding that he received ineffective assistance of counsel when trial counsel advised him that his plea would only trigger his possible deportation, where deportation was actually mandatory and the evidence reflected that the defendant would not have pleaded guilty if he knew deportation was mandatory. The Court added that the boilerplate language int he plea agreement indicating that deportation was mandatory was not dispositive.

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