Appellate Procedure

United States v. Mitchell Stein (11th Cir. July 2020)

The Eleventh Circuit affirmed the defendant's sentence, holding that the district court properly estimated the loss amount based on specific, circumstantial evidence of causation, namely that the defendant's investors relied on the defendant's fraudulent representations, and that the court did not err in rejecting the defendant's intervening causation theory. The Court also held that the defendant's claims on remand before the district court where limited by the scope fo the appellate court's mandate on remand and did not fall under any of the three exceptions.

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United States v. Darius Caldwell (11th Cir. June 2020)

The Court affirmed the defendant's conviction for armed bank robbery and related firearm charges, holding that the a trial court's admission of unduly suggestive out-of-court identifications is not reversible error where the identification is otherwise reliable, there was sufficient evidence that the bank was federally insured, and new DNA testimony regarding deviations between the witness's testimony and the FBI's guidelines on DNA evidence would not likely change the outcome of the trial.

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McKinney v. Arizona (U.S. Supreme Court, February 2020)

The Supreme Court held that allowing a state appellate court to reweigh the aggravating and mitigating factors in a capital case under Clemons v. Mississippi is a permissible remedy after a finding on collateral review that the sentence court failed to consider mitigating factors in violation of Eddings v. Oklahoma.

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