The Court affirmed the defendant's convictions for enticing a minor under § 2422(b) but reversed his conviction under § 373 for solicitation to commit a crime of violence, holding that kidnapping under § 1201(a) is not a "crime of violence" under the categorical approach applicable to § 373. The Court also held that the defendant's right to a complete defense was not violated by the trial court's proper rulings on the inadmissibility of the defense experts' testimony.
The Court affirmed the defendant's sentence. The district court did not err by holding that the Guidelines recommend consecutive maximum sentences for each count of conviction where the Guidelines range (life imprisonment) exceeds the statutory maximum for each count.
The Court reversed the defendant's convictions on three of four counts for possession of child pornography. The Court held that 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)(B), which prohibits knowingly possessing “any book, magazine...or any other material that contains an image of child pornography," was ambiguous regarding the "unit of prosecution," so the defendant could not be convicted for multiple counts based on having child pornography on multiple devices.
The Court affirmed the defendant’s sentence for child pornography after his offense level was enhanced based on his distribution of child pornography while he was in Jamaica. The Court held that a sentencing court may properly consider extraterritorial conduct if it is otherwise relevant conduct under the Guidelines.
On appeal, the Court held that the sentencing court applied the wrong legal standard under U.S.S.G. § 2G2.2(b)(5), which enhances a defendant's sentence if the offense involves sexual activity with a minor between the ages of 12 and 16 "if the perpretrator was at least four years older than the minor. The district court erred by merely subtracting the victim's age from the defendant's without respect to how old each of them actually were at the time of the sexual contact.