Seventh Circuit

United States v. Terrill Rickmon, Sr. (7th Cir. March 2020)

In a matter of first impression involving the use of ShotSpotter, GPS-enabled technology that detects gunfire, the Court held that there was reasonable suspicion to stop a vehicle emerging from an area where gunfire was detected based on the short lapse of time between the detection and the stop, the vehicle's proximity to the area, the behavior of the occupants, and other circumstances.

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United States v. Ionel Muresanu (7th Cir. March 2020)

The Court vacated the defendant's convictions for aggravated identity theft based on the trial court violating his Fifth Amendment right to be tried on offenses charged by the grand jury. The indictment against him was defective in alleging that he committed "attempted" aggravated identity theft, a non crime, and the district court erred in removing the "attempt" language from its jury instructions.

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United States v. Herman Adair (7th Cir. June 2019)

The Court upheld a stop and frisk where, despite evidence that the defendant was not wearing a hoodie and the alleged suspect was reported as wearing a hoodie, the defendant acted nervously around the officer, the officer already knew the defendant was a convicted felon, and there was a "bulge" in the defendant's pocket.

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United States v. Demontae Bell (7th Cir. June 2019)

The Court held that the officer violated the defendant's Fourth Amendment right by opening his phone after the defendant's arrest, where the officer saw a picture of a firearm, but affirmed the district court's denial of the motion to suppress under the independent source doctrine, since the officers had already seen the picture on another occasion, and since there was probable cause notwithstanding the tainted picture.

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