Eighth Circuit

United States v. John Terry Chatman, Jr. (8th Cir. March 2020)

The Court reversed the defendant's conviction for obstruction of justice by attempting to kill a witness where the evidence showed that the defendant shot at an officer "out of frustration and retaliation" and not with the intent of "preventing a communication about the commission of a federal offense" to other other officers.

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United States v. Kevin Jay Mast (8th Cir. September 2019)

The Court reversed the defendant's conviction for "disturbing" federal wildlife property, holding that the statutory provision penalizing anyone who "otherwise violates" the federal wildlife regulations in question does not impose strict liability but rather has an implicit mens rea element requiring proof of criminal negligence.

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United States v. Sergio Diaz-Ortiz (8th Cir. June 2019)

The Court held that a knock-and-talk violation does not mandate suppression when a valid search warrant exists and the knock-and-announce violation has “nothing to do with the seizure of the evidence.” Here, the warrant was valid, and officers would have executed it and seized the evidence regardless of the alleged violation.

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United States v. Meamen Nyah (8th Cir. 2019)

Regardless of any alleged failure to execute a search warrant within the time limit in violation of Rule 41, absent any other “constitutional infirmity,” suppression is unwarranted unless the defendant is prejudiced or if officers recklessly disregard the proper procedure. The defendant was not prejudiced here since probable cause continued to exist after the time limit.

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